The German state of North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW) is providing funding of €200,000 for a technical and economic-evaluation study of the new MAN Energy Solutions (MAN) ETES energy-storage technology. According to MAN, this still-untested technology offers the potential of a CO2-free alternative to traditional, large-scale, heat supply.
Project partners – RWTH Aachen University, Stadtwerke Aachen Aktiengesellschaft (STAWAG), and MAN – want to investigate the potential for implementing the technology in NRW. The study will examine the necessary requirements for constructing a research facility in the Aachen area in 2021, to which end it will determine consumer requirements, the energy industry’s framework-conditions, and space requirements. An electrothermal electricity-storage system with a capacity of up to 7 MW is planned.
“In the course of expanding renewable-energy sources, storage technologies are becoming increasingly important for securing future energy-supplies. MAN ETES is a potential candidate, which stores excess electrical energy in the form of heat and cold,” said Prof. Dr. Manfred Wirsum, director of the Institute of Power Plant Technology, Steam and Gas Turbines (IKDG) at RWTH Aachen University and coordinator of the study. “Today, the process for generating heat and cold is mainly based on fossil fuels. We must therefore make the growing share of renewable energies available to this sector in order to sustainably reduce emissions.”
According to MAN, the basic principle of ETES technology is the reversible conversion of electrical energy into thermal energy, which is stored in the form of hot water and ice in insulated reservoirs. A special feature of the electrothermal process is the added possibility of distributing the heat and cold generated to users depending on demand and margins, and accordingly offering the option of converting it back into electricity as an additional usage variant.
The technology fulfills two important tasks: it helps with maintaining the grid balance by absorbing large amounts of surplus electricity from renewable energies and feeding it back into the grid when needed; and the system integrates several sectors by generating, storing, and providing thermal energy for heating and cooling purposes.
The system’s properties are relevant for urban regions with a strong industrial base, such as NWR, with the traditionally high energy requirements of its strong industrial sector and the planned phase-out of its coal-based electricity generation. The state supports the research association coordinated by RWTH Aachen University, which will develop a concept for an ETES research facility for an emission-free heating-and-cooling supply based on an evaluation study. Provided that the framework conditions of the energy industry are correct and feasibility can be validated, the construction of a pilot plant with an electricity-to-electricity storage efficiency of approximately 50% will take place in 2021.
At the same time, the study will serve as a basis for the further technological development of ETES’ system components. The system is based on heat-pump and heat-engine technologies using CO2 charging-&-discharging cycles, and the storage of pumped heat. ETES innovations include the use of water as a storage medium, as well as toxicologically and environmentally safe CO2 as a working medium for the entire energy-storage system.
The turbomachinery technology and the process design of CO2 cycles are the key elements of ETES. In the charging cycle, the system uses the hermetically-sealed MAN HOFIM turbo-compressor to compress the CO2 working medium to a supercritical state, typically at 2030 psi (140 bar) and approx. 248°F to 302°F (120°C to 150°C).
“With our innovative technology solution, we want to contribute to the planned reduction of fossil fuels in NRW’s electricity and heat supply and thus provide concrete support for the structural change of the energy sector in the state,” said Dr. Uwe Lauber, CEO of MAN Energy Solutions. “Sector coupling is a decisive step on the way to a climate-neutral future. MAN ETES provides renewable energy – in the form of usable and storable heat and cold – that can be converted back into electricity as required. The system thus couples the electricity, heating, and cooling-supply sectors with unprecedented flexibility.”